Here is a good place to explore a research paper. The first two are multi-volume sets and entries are written by scholars.
Encyclopedia of the Confederacy. (Ref. E 487 .E55 1993)
Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social and Military History. (Ref. E 468 .E53 2000)
The Encyclopedia of Southern History. (Ref. F 207.7 .E52)
Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. (Ref. F 209 .E53 1989)
Reconstruction:The Challenge of Freedom Lenthy essay on Lincoln,Grant ,Radicals,KKK etc
Historical Dictionary of Reconstruction. (Ref. E 668 .T66 1991) This book was edited by a very able scholar, Hans Trefousse. How reliable? Well, if you look under Freedman’s Savings Bank you will find a reference to CARL OSTHAUS. The entries are about two pages long and include sources.
Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery. (Ref. E 441 .D53 1988)
The Civil War Dictionary. (Ref. E 468 .B7 1988) This is a reference classic and many of the entries are longer than a dictionary format.
Biographical Dictionary of the Union: Northern Leaders of the Civil War. (Ref. E 467 .B56 1995)
Generals in Gray. (Ref. E 467 .W3)
More Generals in Gray. (Ref. E 467 .A4 1995)
Generals in Blue. (Ref. E 467 .W29)
Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy. (Ref. E 467 .W2)
Leaders of the American Civil War. (Ref. E467 .L43 1998) This title is the best of the lot in terms of authority, comprehensiveness and scholarship.
Who Was Who in the Civil War. (Ref. E 467 .S56 1988) This book lists 2500 entries on both military and civilian leaders.
Civil War High Commands. (Ref. E467 .E35 2001) There is no narrative in this book: birth and death dates and listing of commands.
The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research. (Ref. E 456 .A1 A47 1996) This book is broadly arranged by topic, such as Lincoln, The Home Front, Reconstruction, etc. Each chapter is written as an essay that traces and evaluates the literature. The chapters are written by leading historians. Be sure to also look at Part I, which sites classic reference sources.
Selected Civil War maps, reproduced from originals made by the U. S. Coast Survey, 1861-1865.
(Docs. C 4.9/2:C 49/3) In Government Documents.
Official Atlas of the Civil War. Introduction by Henry Steele Commanger. (Ref. G 1201 .S5 U6 1958)
Historical Atlas of the Congresses of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1865. (Ref. G 1281 .F8 M3 1994)
Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Published under the direction of the... secretaries of war, by Maj. George B. Davis... Mr. Leslie J. Perry... Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley... board of publication. Compiled by Capt. Calvin D. Cowles. (Spec. Coll. Springer E 464 .U61)
A Battlefield Atlas of the Civil War. (Ref. G 1201 .S5 S9 1983a)
The Routledge Historical Atlas of the American South. (Ref. G 1281 .S5 1999)
Documenting the American South - This site is good for electronic texts, the southern homefront and slave narratives.
Know Southern History - Use for biographies, a timeline of southern history and links to cultural sources.
American South.org - Use for identifying primary sources in southern history.
Southern History - This is good for chronologies, many of which concern the war (click on the link and you get an essay), and posted articles that people can respond to. Here are some of the latest ones: "Skirmish at Clear Creek, near Baldwyn, Miss. - June 14, 1862”; "They Call It Patriotism": Homespun as Politics in the South, 1860-1861."
The American Civil War Homepage - This is an outstanding source. Click on Resources and you will get links to the following:
Nineteenth Century Documents Project - Links to the following topics: Early National Politics, Slavery/Sectionalism, Nebraska Bill, Sumner Caning, Dred Scott Decision, John Brown/Harper's Ferry, 1850s Statistical Almanac, 1860 Election, Secession/War, Post Civil War, Text Analysis Tools, Related Sites.
Civil War and Reconstruction - Links to the following topics:
Index of Civil War Information Available on the Internet Extensive A-Z listing of sites. Links to primary sources such as diaries.
Primary Documents in American History. Civil War and Reconstruction
Civil War Maps