OU Libraries
OU Libraries

LIBRARY GUIDE TO MDM1 9122 - Respiratory

Introduction to Guide
This guide pulls together some of the major resources in respiratory medicine. It includes links to the online recommended textbooks for the course as well as to other books, journals, databases, and media for self-directed learning. It's designed to facilitate your self-deirected learning and to help you "study for your patients."

Use the tabs across the top of the guide to navigate to the main sections.
Textbooks
Print copies of textbooks are available in KL 102, Medical Library Quiet Study Room, for use in the library.

Respiratory Medicine
AFCP & BFCP Textbooks

Anatomy Biochemistry Clinical

Bates' Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking, 13th ed, Bickley. Wolters Kluwer, 2021 [LWW Health Library - Medical Education]

Embryology Histology Pharmacology Physiology
Supplemental eBooks - AccessMedicine
Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff AccessMedicine
This is a collection of 60 full-text medical and basic sciences books from McGraw-Hill, including Harrison's Textbook of Medicine. AccessMedicine also includes images, videos, diagnostic tools, patient education handouts, and drug information. The following respiratory medicine ebooks are availalbe in AccessMedicine:
Supplemental eBooks - ClinicalKey
Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff ClinicalKey
Medical and surgical content from Elsevier, including more than 900 books, 500 journals, thousands of videos and millions of images. To download book chapter PDFs, please log in or register for a free account. NOTE: Vendor recommends updating to most recent version of browser. The following respiratory medicine ebooks are available in ClinicalKey:
Supplemental eBooks - LWW Health Library
Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff LWW Health Library - Medical Education
Collection of more than 40 electronic textbooks in the basic medical sciences, including anatomy, biochemistry, embryology, genetics, histology, immunology, neuroscience, pharmacology and physiology. Provides online access to the popular "Bate's Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking." The following respiratory medicine ebook is available in LWW Health Library:
Supplemental eBooks - Books@Ovid
Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff OvidSP
Collection of hundreds of full-text ebooks and journals from Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Includes medicine, health sciences and nursing. Also provides access to MEDLINE.The following respiratory medicine ebooks are available in OvidSP.
Research Help
Ask-a-Medical-Librarian
  • by phone at 248-370-3772
  • via email at medref@oakland.edu
  • stop by the Medical Library Office Monday-Saturday, 8am-5pm

Research Consultation
Call us or use our Research Consultation Calendar to request a one-on-one meeting with a medical librarian to discuss in-depth information needs such as a literature search for your Capstone project or other research project. 

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CLINICAL INFORMATION
Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff DynaMed Plus
Evidence-based clinical reference tool written by physicians who synthesize the evidence and provide objective analysis to help health care providers in their daily practice. Designed to provide quick answers to clinical questions. Includes thousands of graphics and images, specialty content, mobile access, and enhanced drug information.

Harrison's Online

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff UpToDate
A large, evidence-based online resource covering thousands of internal medicine, pediatric, OB/GYN, and surgical topics. Designed to answer point-of-care clinical questions.

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff VisualDX
Image-based clinical support tool with point-of-care information to aid in the identification of visually identifiable diseases including dermatologic, infectious, genetic, metabolic, drug-induced conditions, and occupational injuries. More than 28% of the images are of skin types IV, V, and VI.
 
Anatomy Resources
Pulmonary Physical Exam
Check out these free web sites

From the University of Waterloo, Center for Teaching Excellence

Self-Directed Learning: A Four-Step Process
Learning independently can be challenging, even for the brightest and most motivated students. As a means of better understanding the processes involved in this mode of study, this Teaching Tip outlines key components of four key stages to independent learning, known as self-directed learning: being ready to learn, setting learning goals, engaging in the learning process, and evaluating learning.

Step 1: Assess readiness to learn
Students need various skills and attitudes towards learning for successful independent study. This step involves students conducting a self-evaluation of their current situation, study habits, family situation, and support network both at school and at home and also involves evaluating past experiences with independent learning. For a detailed Learning Skills Assessment Tool, read our Readiness to Learn Teaching Tip. Signs of readiness for self-directed learning include being autonomous, organised, self-disciplined, able to communicate effectively, and able to accept constructive feedback and engage in self-evaluation and self­-reflection.

Step 2: Set learning goals
Communication of learning goals between a student and the advising instructor is critical. We've developed a set of questions for students to consider as they map out their learning goals: our Unit Planning Decision Guide). Also critical in developing a clear understanding of learning goals between students and instructors are learning contracts. Learning contracts generally include:
  • Goals for the unit of study
  • Structure and sequence of activities
  • Timeline for completion of activities
  • Details about resource materials for each goal
  • Details about grading procedures
  • Feedback and evaluation as each goal is completed
  • Meeting plan with the advising instructor
  • Agreement of unit policies, such as a policy on late assignments
Once created, contracts should be assessed by the advising faculty member and questions about feasibility should be raised (e.g., What could go wrong? Is there too much or too little work? Is the timeline and evaluation reasonable?).

Step 3: Engage in the learning process
Students need to understand themselves as learners in order to understand their needs as self-directed learning students — referring students to our resource on learning preferences may be helpful. Students should also consider answering the following questions:
  • What are my needs re: instructional methods?
  • Who was my favourite teacher? Why?
  • What did they do that was different from other teachers? Students should reflect on these questions throughout their program and substitute “teacher” with “advising instructor”
Students also need to understand their approach to studying:
  • A deep approach to studying involves transformation and is ideal for self-directed learning. This approach is about understanding ideas for yourself, applying knowledge to new situations and using novel examples to explain a concept, and learning more than is required for unit completion.
  • A surface approach involves reproduction: coping with unit requirements, learning only what is required to complete a unit in good standing, and tending to regurgitate examples and explanations used in readings.
  • A strategic approach involves organization: achieving the highest possible grades, learning what is required to pass exams, memorizing facts, and spending time practicing from past exams.
Earlier academic work may have encouraged a surface or strategic approach to studying. These approaches will not be sufficient (or even appropriate) for successful independent study. Independent study requires a deep approach to studying, in which students must understand ideas and be able to apply knowledge to new situations. Students need to generate their own connections and be their own motivators.

Step 4: Evaluate learning
For students to be successful in self-directed learning, they must be able to engage in self-reflection and self-evaluation of their learning goals and progress in a unit of study. To support this self-evaluation process, they should:
  • regularly consult with the advising instructor,
  • seek feedback, and
  • engage in reflection of their achievements, which involves asking:
    • How do I know I’ve learned?
    • Am I flexible in adapting and applying knowledge?
    • Do I have confidence in explaining material?
    • When do I know I’ve learned enough?
    • When is it time for self-reflection and when is it time for consultation with the advising faculty member?
Responsibilities in the four-step process
Successful independent study requires certain responsibilities or roles of both students and advising faculty members. The following is a brief list of the more important roles. It is useful for both students and advising faculty members to periodically review this list and communicate as to whether each feels the other is fulfilling their share of the responsibility.

Students’ roles
  • Self-assess your readiness to learn
  • Define your learning goals and develop a learning contract
  • Monitor your learning process
  • Take initiative for all stages of the learning process — be self-motivated 
  • Re-evaluate and alter goals as required during your unit of study
  • Consult with your advising instructor as required
Advising instructors’ roles
  • Build a co-operative learning environment
  • Help to motivate and direct the students’ learning experience
  • Facilitate students’ initiatives for learning
  • Be available for consultations as appropriate during the learning process
  • Serve as an advisor rather than a formal instructor

RESOURCES

CTE teaching tips

Other resources
  • Graves, N. (Ed.) (1993). Learner managed learning: Practice, theory, and policy. Leeds: AW Angus & Co. Limited.
  • Hammond, M. & Collins, R. (1991). Self-directed learning: Critical practice. London: Kogan Page Limited.
  • Hiemstra, R. Self-directed web portal.
  • Kim, R., Olfman, L., Ryan, T., & Eryilmaz, E. (2014). Leveraging a personalized system to improve self-directed learning in online educational environmentsComputers & Education, 70, 150-160.
  • Knowles, M. (1986). Using learning contracts: Practical approaches to individualizing and structuring learning. London: Jossey-Bass Publications.
  • Simpson, O. (2000). Supporting students in open and distant learning. London: Kogan Page Limited. 
  • Tait, J. & Knight, P. (1996). The management of independent learning. London: Kogan Page Limited.

  Self-Directed Learning: A Four-Step Process. Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of Waterloo.

The CRAAP Test - Developed by the Meriam Library, California State University

Searching for information on a very current or controversial topic can result in a large number of "hits" of uneven quality.

You will have to determine the quality of the information you find, and the CRAAP Test can help.

The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. Different criteria will be more or less important depending on your situation or need.

Evaluation Criteria

Currency: The timeliness of the information.

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
  • Are the links functional?

Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?

Authority: The source of the information.

  • Who is the author / publisher / source / sponsor?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
  • Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source (examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net)?

Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?

Purpose: The reason the information exists.

  • What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
  • Do the authors / sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?

 PDF Version of CRAAP Test pdf 

Revised from "Is this source or information good?" Accessed 3/27/2020. https://library.csuchico.edu/help/source-or-information-good

CRAAP Test Video - by OU librarian Beth Wallis
Other Helpful Evaluation Tools
 
 
Critical Appraisal Worksheets from JAMAEvidence - Put your EBM skills to work to appraise the validity of individual articles!
Review Questions
Unrestricted Resource Board Vitals
Board Vitals online question bank includes access to the USMLE 1, 2, & 3 banks as well as shelf exams in Emergency Medicine, Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Neurology, OB/GYN, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, and Surgery. First time users: You must first register for a personal account. Click here to go to the registration page. You must use your Oakland University email address. 

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff USMLE Easy
Test preparation for Step 1, Step 2 CK, and Step 3. Includes thousands of practice questions in the disciplines and organ systems covered by the USMLE.
Important Board Vitals Information
Some of our students have reported problems with accessing the question banks on Board Vitals. Please be sure to follow these steps when registering for an account.
  1. Use this link to register for an account. Be sure to use your Oakland University email.
  2. Use this link to access the Board Vitals question banks. Log in with your OU email and the password you created when you registered for your account.

Still having problems? Email medref@oakland.edu - We are always happy to help!
 

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OUWB Medical Library, Oakland University | 100 Library Drive, Rochester, Michigan 48309 | (248) 370-3772
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Medical Library Office: Open 8am - 5pm

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