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LIBRARY GUIDE TO NRS 5231 - Research in Advanced Nursing Practice

Searching for Literature
Primary nursing databases for searching evidence-based literature:

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff CINAHL Complete is a comprehensive and highly-authoritative database for research in nursing and health sciences. How to Export to Refworks

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff Cochrane Library A collection of databases that contain evidence for healthcare decision-making. Includes systematic review abstracts, technology assessments, economic evaluations and individual clinical trials.   How to export to Refworks.

  Simultaneously runs two searches in PubMed- first for systematic reviews, using the Clinical Queries filter, displayed under the “Systematic Reviews in PubMed” heading, The second uses a systematic review methods filter to find methods guidance and studies. Those results are displayed in the “Systematic Review Methods in PubMed” heading.

Unrestricted Resource PubMed (MEDLINE) The National Library of Medicine's free interface for MEDLINE, the premier database for biomedical journal citations. How to export to RefWorks

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff Medline via Web of Science
You can also MEDLINE using the Web of Science database which some people find easier. 

Broader databases for searching evidence-based literature:
Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff Scopus
Scopus is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed research literature with more than 20,500 titles from more than 5,000 international publishers. Scopus offers researchers a quick, easy and comprehensive resource to support their research needs in the scientific, technical, medical and social sciences fields and arts and humanities. It also contains tools that track, analyze and visualize scholarly work.

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff EMBase
Comprehensive coverage of the preclinical, medical and pharmacological sciences. Strong in the European literature, EMBase includes 2,000 not currently covered by Medline.

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff Micromedex
Micromedex is a collection of databases containing full-text information on drugs, toxicology, and diseases. The drug information is detailed, referenced, and includes drug comparisons and identification, therapeutic class searching, and dosing. Micromedex also includes an extensive patient education component.

Restricted to OU students, faculty, and staff DynaMed Plus
Evidence-based clinical reference tool written by physicians who synthesize the evidence and provide objective analysis to help health care providers in their daily practice. Designed to provide quick answers to clinical questions. Includes thousands of graphics and images, specialty content, mobile access, and enhanced drug information.

View entire list of Nursing related databases

View Database characteristics chart 
Online EPB resources
Drugs@FDA: FDA Approved Drug Products -  includes most of the drug products approved since 1939. The majority of patient information, labels, approval letters, reviews, and other information are available for drug products approved since 1998. Includes efficacy information. 

National Guideline Clearinghouse is a public resource for evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.

Unrestricted Resource Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE)  is produced by the NIHR Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) at the University of York, UK and evaluates systematic reviews in the field of healthcare and medicine. A summary of the review and critical commentary are written by experts in the topic area and in systematic reviews as a research method. 

Unrestricted Resource TRIP  is a clinical search tool designed to allow health professionals to rapidly identify the highest quality clinical evidence for clinical practice.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) provides national guidance and advice to improve health and social care. (UK based)
Levels of Evidence by study design
EBP Quality of Evidence Chart

Library Contact
Picture: Mariela Hristova

Mariela Hristova
Associate Professor, Nursing Librarian

Research consultation appointments are virtual in Google Meet.

Getting Started (video)
Steps of a Literature Review
  • Problem formulation - which topic or field is being examined and what are the component issues?
  • Literature search - finding materials relevant to the subject explored
  • Data evaluation - determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic
  • Analysis and interpretations - discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature
Blank Literature Review Critique chart
PICO example
Asking is fundamental to the evidence-based decision-making process.
A "well-built" question should include four parts, referred to as PICO that identify the patient problem or population (P), intervention (I), comparison (C) and outcome(s) (O).

Example: How do alternative breast cancer treatments improve the quality of life for young adult females?
P= young adult females with breast cancer 
I =  alternative therapies 
C= patients who don't use alternative therapies 
O= quality of life improvement

Citation Linkers

To get the full-text of an article you found on the web or elsewhere paste the citation information into Google Scholar and follow the Get-it buttons.

Google Scholar Article Search

Or use the library's citation linker tool.

If we don't have your article electronically or in print try borrowing through InterLibrary Loan.

Original Author
This guide was originally created by Julia Rodriguez, Associate Professor at Kresge Library.

Julia Rodriguez is currently the Health Sciences and Scholarly Communications Librarian. From 2008 to 2020, her professional focus also included serving as the nursing librarian and this content is the result of that work.
Books & ebooks
Nursing Research:
  1. Evidence-based nursing : the research-practice connection / Sarah Jo Brown.Jones & Bartlett Learning, c2012.
  2. Nursing research : reading, using, and creating evidence / Janet Houser. Jones & Bartlett Learning, c2012.
  3. Reading research : a user-friendly guide for nurses and other health professionals / Barbara Davies, Jo Logan.
  4. Mosby Elsevier, c2008.
See a list of nursing research titles in library. 

Anesthesia books:
Grove, S. K., Burns, N., & Gray, J. (2013). The practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (7th ed.). St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders. Link
Schmidt, N. A., & Brown, J. M. (2009). Evidence-based practice for nurses: Appraisal and application of research. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Link
Singh-Radcliff, N. (2013;2012;). The 5-minute anesthesia consult (1st ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Link
Gregory, G. A., & Andropoulos, D. B. (2012;2011;). Gregory's pediatric anesthesia (5th;5. Aufl.;5; ed.). Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell. Link
Slinger, P. (2011). Principles and practice of anesthesia for thoracic surgery (1st ed.). New York: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0184-2 Link
Jaffe, R. A., Schmiesing, C. A., & Golianu, B. (2014). Anesthesiologist's manual of surgical procedures (Fifth;5;5th; ed.). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health. Link
Bucklin, B. A., Gambling, D. R., & Wlody, D. (2009;2008;). A practical approach to obstetric anesthesia. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Link
Miller, R. D., Pardo, M., & Stoelting, R. K. (2011). Basics of anesthesia (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. Link
Jericho, B. G., & SpringerLink (Online service). (2015). Ethical issues in anesthesiology and surgery (1st 2015.;1st 2015; ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15949-2 Link
Miller, R. D. (2015;2014;). Miller's anesthesia (Eighth;8;8th; ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. Link
Chiumello, D., & SpringerLink (Online service). (2016). Topical issues in anesthesia and intensive care (1st 2016 ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-31398-6 Link
Brock-Utne, J. G. (2007). Clinical anesthesia: Near misses and lessons learned. New York: Springer. Link
Lobato, E. B., Gravenstein, N., & Kirby, R. R. (2008;2007;). Complications in anesthesiology (1st ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Link
Valani, R. (2012;2011;). Essential emergency procedural sedation and pain management. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Link
Citation Tools
RefWorks is available through the Library subcriptions. You create a personal database of references, generate a bibliography from your list of references & automatically format in any common citation style.

Citation Style Guides:
Tutorials and guides
Literature Review tutorials:
Essential Elements of a Literature Review guide (UC Santa Cuz)
Conducting Literature Reviews - detailed guide (USC)
How to Write a Literature Review - Nursing Education Expert 

Analyzing Sources:
Critically Analyzing Information Sources (Cornell Libraries)

Database tutorials


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